The utility model relates to a jacking pipe heading machine hydraulic cylinder synchronization heading system which comprises a guiding track and a central control system. Two hydraulic cylinder sets are arranged on the guiding track. Each hydraulic cylinder comprises a cylinder body and a ceramic piston rod. Jacking iron is arranged at the extending-out end of each ceramic piston rod. Each ceramic piston rod comprises a base body made of carbon steel or alloy steel and a ceramic layer which covers the base body. Grooves are formed in the surface of each base body, and the space distances of the grooves are the same as the widths of the grooves. A stroke detecting device is arranged on each cylinder body and comprises a magnetic sensitive displacement sensor and a signal processing unit which is connected with the magnetic sensitive displacement sensor and processes and computes output signals of the magnetic sensitive displacement sensor. The signal processing unit is connected with the central control system in a controlling mode. According to the jacking pipe heading machine hydraulic cylinder synchronization heading system, the electromagnetic induction type stroke detecting devices are used for detecting displacement and moving speed of the ceramic piston rod when the ceramic piston rods extend out of or extends into the cylinder body, and the signal processing unit processes displacement data and moving speed data of each hydraulic cylinder and then transmits the data to the central control system.